Cervical Cancer: What It Is

Cervical cancer affects cells in the lower portion of the uterus or the womb. This area is also known as the uterine cervix. Fetal development occurs in the upper portion, or body, of the uterus. The cervix is a term that refers to the area between the vagina and the uterus. 

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The endocervix refers to the upper portion of the cervix, which is adjacent to the uterus. The ectocervix, or exocervix, is the lower portion of the cervix, which is adjacent to the vagina. The cells making up the endocervix are called glandular cells while the cells making up the exocervix are called squamous cells. The transformation zone is a term referring to the area where the two cell types come together. The transformation zone changes its position as part of the natural aging process and after childbirth.